Photo by B. Carr for USGS
When I was younger the volcanoes seemed so cold with all the glowing magma and seemingly slow lava. In adulthood, the idea of a volcanic eruption is terrifying. And if you haven’t heard it, there is one right now.
Kīlauea volcano in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park began to erupt on September 29, 2021. Located on the Big Island of Hawaii, the peak called Halema’uma’u Crater began to transform in lava lake around 3:29 pm and has progressed since. Although this most recent eruption is in what government officials define as the opening phase, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) says the activity is confined to Halema’uma’u Crater. The USGS is using surveillance cameras to closely monitor the situation.
In a Tweeter According to the USGS account, the government agency detailed that the lava fountains that appeared on the surface of Halema’uma’u crater reached the height of a five-story building. Matador Network reports that the last time the volcano went through an explosive period was in the 1500s. This period ended with lava fountains estimated to be 2,000 feet high that unfortunately claimed hundreds of lives. Since then, the volcano has alternated between effusive states (when lava flows steadily from a volcano onto the ground) and more explosive states, with its most recent eruption in 2020.
Although this rash is calmer than past rashes, there are currently warnings in place. Halema’uma’u Crater has been closed to the public since 2007. However, ashfall, volcanic glass shards, and volcanic gases may still be present at higher levels in publicly accessible areas in park regions Hawai’i Volcanoes National. . Gases such as sulfur dioxide, which creates volcanic smog, are an airborne health hazard and can damage crops and livestock.
For updates, follow USGS on Twitter, where detailed, near real-time video and photo accounts of the eruption are shared on a regular basis.